Category : Truck

Pick-up: admission, taxation and insurance

Pick-up: admission, taxation and insurance

The VW Amarok is the best-selling pick-up in Germany and has a factory-approved truck. However, anyone who hopes for a favorable taxation rating as a lorry in car taxation is unlucky: the Amarok is regarded by almost all tax authorities as a car – and taxed accordingly higher. Are there considerations to offer the Amarok ex works also with car approval? “No, that’s not planned, because for the classification as a car, a completely new type test would be necessary,” says VW Commercial Vehicles Product Manager Jens Bobsien.
The product manager emphasizes that every tax office in Germany can assess a vehicle differently. And the vehicle, which is taxed as a truck in one federal state, is possibly valid for the tax office in another federal state as a passenger car. Concrete statements, which vehicles are taxed like, are therefore not possible.

For many tax authorities, the rule of thumb for taxation as a truck is: “Loading area must be larger than passenger compartment”. The passenger compartment is measured from the gas pedal to the partition behind the last row of seats. Since the area is larger than the loading area especially for double cabins, the higher car tax rate is due. Other typical car characteristics can also be classified as cars: with a top speed of often more than 170 km / h and five seats, it’s hard to talk about a truck. Nevertheless, it is always argued in court, after all, can be saved with the truck taxation per year several hundred euros.

Pick-up with truck registration: insurance premiums versus vehicle taxes

But beware: The tax savings can easily go for higher insurance contributions. Most insurance companies calculate a significantly higher hull coverage for the first registration of a truck than for a passenger car. The reason: who insures a truck for the first time increases with very high percentages – the non-pecuniary discount from the previous car is usually not taken over here. If you then change back to a car after a few years, you may start the car again with the percent from the beginning. Therefore, it is essential to clarify the formalities with the insurance company and have the confirmation sent in writing!

Also the description of a car on truck approval raises questions again and again. Often, a van, van or other suitable vehicle is to be converted from a car to a truck. When asked about the tax office Erfurt states that for the cheaper truck taxation, the rear row of seats including mounting rails must be removed, this includes the removal of the straps. Also required is a partition wall between the passenger compartment and the loading area. A bleaching or darkening of the discs is – at least in Erfurt – no longer necessary.

Commercial pick-up with trailer: driving ban on Sundays and public holidays

Before the conversion, a cost-benefit calculation should be created. When will the tax savings of a truck approval be worthwhile, if high conversion costs (dividing wall, etc.) and possibly an appraisal are necessary. Including in the calculation, you also have the much higher insurance premiums for the hull, when the vehicle runs as a truck. “Dekra therefore recommends consulting the responsible test center as well as the tax office and the insurance company even before a so-called vehicle type change that leads to the expiry of the operating permit of the specific vehicle,” says Dekra expert Wolfgang Sigloch.

It must also be noted that you are not allowed to tow trailers commercially on Sundays and public holidays. The transport of the minibagger to the next construction site is therefore taboo. Excluded from this rule are leisure trailers for private use, such as boat and camping trailers.


Pickup Trucks – Registration, Taxation and Insurance

Pickup Trucks – Registration, Taxation and Insurance

Is a pickup truck a truck or a car?

This question is not so easy to answer in Germany. After all, what a truck is for the registration office can certainly be a car for the German tax court. That’s just German bureaucracy.
Pickup TruckAn example: Among the best-selling pickups in this country is the VW Amarok, which ex works has a truck approval. Thus one should assume as an owner that one receives also with the motor vehicle tax the favorable classification as a truck – but that is often not so: Many authorities consider the Amarok as a passenger car.

The fact is that the tax recognition of the classification as a truck is in the decision of the relevant customs administration and there may well be different assessments. Therefore, concrete statements as to which vehicles are taxed are impossible.

Whether or not a car has the approval criteria for a truck depends, among other things, on the size of the loading area and the legally permissible load on the vehicle. These features give already rough information about whether the vehicle is more suitable for the transport of goods or passengers.

Rule of thumb for taxation as a truck

Loading area must be larger than the passenger compartment. Here, the passenger compartment is measured from the gas pedal to the partition wall behind the last row of seats. Often, pickups with double cabins have a smaller cargo area and are thus managed as a car. In addition, these models are more likely to assume that it is not people who are primarily transported but people who are transported from A to B. However, other characteristics typical of passenger cars can also be considered as passenger cars, such as: when the maximum speed is more than 170 km / h and there are five seats. Even the external appearance can be a criterion. Nonetheless, many of these cases end up in court, with truck taxation saving several hundred dollars a year.

Pickup trucks with truck registration – insurance vs. taxes

Owners of a pickup should also make sure that the amount of tax saved (in the case of a truck registration) can often go up for higher insurance premiums. The reason for this is that many insurance companies estimate higher collision contributions for the first registration of a truck (high entry-level percentages). Often the car damage free discounts are not taken over here. Even with a later change – back to cars – it can happen that you start with the percent back to the top.
Tip: Be sure to first contact the insurance and clarify these points (best in writing to confirm).

Does pickup trucks with truck registration have the ban on Sundays and public holidays?

No, the driving ban on Sundays and public holidays predominantly counts for trucks with a gross vehicle weight of more than 7.5 tons and trucks with a trailer (here the total weight is not relevant).
Although this means that commercial Pickup Trucks with trailer are also affected, but except for this rule are various leisure trailers for private use, such as boat and camping trailer.

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Mercedes Six Wheel Suv

Mercedes Six Wheel Suv

Despite some very difficult markets, Daimler Trucks continued to grow in 2015, increasing its annual sales to over 500,000 trucks on the basis of the first data from December. In 2014, Daimler Trucks sold 495,700 Mercedes-Benz, FUSO, Freightliner, Western Star, Thomas Built Buses and BharatBenz vehicles worldwide. The final sales figures for 2015 will be presented at the Annual Press Conference of Daimler on 4 February 2016.

The world’s leading manufacturer of commercial vehicles achieved its goals in a very heterogeneous and challenging environment. While the truck markets in North America and Europe grew significantly over the course of the year, the important markets of Brazil and Indonesia collapsed. In Turkey too, the market has been declining in recent months due to political uncertainties. In November and December in particular, market conditions worsened significantly. Nevertheless, thanks to strong products and outstanding sales performance, we have succeeded in achieving the annual target.

Global growth was driven in particular by the NAFTA region. Thanks to its high market growth and strong product range, Daimler Trucks is well on the way to achieving record sales there. From January to November 2015, sales increased by 20 percent to 176,100 (2007: 147,200) trucks. Daimler Trucks thus further expanded its market leadership in the weight classes 6-8. The market share rose last to 39.1 (last year 37.3) percent. For the year 2016 it can be assumed that the North American truck market of classes 6-8 will be below the very high level of 2015.

A key reason for the market success of Daimler Trucks’ products in North America: Customers increasingly appreciate the advantages of the integrated powertrain from Daimler Trucks. It offers a perfectly matched combination of engine, transmission and axles, thus providing clear efficiency advantages. Daimler Trucks was thus the first manufacturer in the North American market. A key success factor is the automated DT12 transmission. It is enjoying great popularity in the USA: over 40 percent of the Freightliner Cascadia and the Western Star 5700 XE are now delivered with automatic transmissions – almost twice as many as in the previous year. In order to meet the growing demand in the region even faster than before, the local production of the DT12 transmission for the North American region started in Detroit in November. From 2018, medium-duty engines for the NAFTA market in Detroit will also be manufactured. Daimler is investing around 450 million euros in total.

Business in Western Europe picked up as the year progressed

Sales of Daimler Trucks also increased in Western Europe to 56,000 (previous year: 50,500) units in the first eleven months. The positive momentum increased noticeably in the course of the year. Mercedes-Benz maintained its market leadership in the medium and heavy segments with a share of 21.9 percent (previous year: 24.6 percent). Despite a weaker economic development and an uncertain political situation in the region, Turkey’s high sales volume of the previous year was exceeded by 20,400 (py 18,900) trucks. Among other things, pull-in effects prior to the entry into force of the EURO VI emission standard from 1.1.2016 contributed to this. However, momentum slowed over the course of the year – a trend that should continue in 2016 as well.

Market share in Brazil further expanded despite market weakness

In Latin America, sales of Daimler Trucks declined to 27,900 (last year 44,500) units in the first eleven months, mainly as a result of the dramatic market slump in Brazil. In Brazil, 15,200 (prior year: 31,300) vehicles were delivered by November. In an extremely difficult market environment, Daimler Trucks succeeded in increasing its market share in the medium and heavy segment in Brazil to 26.6 percent (last year 26.0 percent). Despite the current market weakness, Daimler Trucks is continuing to invest in order to sustainably increase local competitiveness. From 2014 to 2018, around 500 million euros will flow into tailor-made products, technologies and services as well as the modernization of the production network in Brazil. In October, Mercedes-Benz presented numerous new products in the market in Brazil. Among other things, the locally produced truck models Accelo, Atego, Axor and Actros were further optimized in terms of comfort, fuel consumption and total cost of ownership. The market situation in Brazil is not expected to pick up in 2016 either.

Different sales trends on the markets in Asia

The Asian markets developed differently in the past year. In Japan, the FUSO brand increased its sales by 4 percent to 41,600 (last year 39,900) vehicles. The market share in the Japanese total truck market continued to rise to 20.7% (last year 20.3%). In the strongly declining Indonesian market, sales dropped to 29,400 units (py 51,400 units). However, the market share in the Indonesian truck market as a whole was 48.2% (last year 47.2%) above the previous year’s level.

In India, Daimler Trucks increased deliveries by 29 percent to 12,500 (9,700 in the previous year) trucks. Since the start of sales in September 2012, more than 30,000 BharatBenz trucks have been delivered. BharatBenz also increased its market share in the segment of upper medium and heavy trucks to 7.1 (last year 5.9) percent, due to the introduction of new models. An important novelty this year was the heavy-duty truck BharatBenz 3143, which was specially designed for use in mining and on construction sites. The vehicles produced in India are also playing a key role, especially for the development of important growth markets in Asia and Africa. In 2015, Daimler Trucks began exporting to more than a dozen additional export markets for Chennai vehicles. Meanwhile, more than 20 markets are supplied from India. For 2016, it is planned to open up numerous other markets with the FUSO trucks specially tailored to the needs of these countries.

Expansion of global presence through six new regional centers

In order to fully exploit the growth opportunities in promising markets in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Daimler is positioning itself even closer to customers in these regions. In October, the first of six regional centers planned around the world was opened in Dubai. These focus entirely on sales and aftersales of Daimler commercial vehicles. In the first quarter of 2016, additional regional centers in Kenya will follow for Central Africa, in Pretoria (South Africa) for Southern Africa, and in Singapore for Southeast Asia. With these new regional centers, Daimler will be able to respond more effectively and more quickly to customer needs in these markets in the commercial vehicle business.

Technology Highlight 2015 – Highway Pilot enables semi-autonomous driving

In the area of ​​autonomous driving, Daimler Trucks again underpinned its pioneering role in 2015. For the Freightliner Inspiration Truck, Daimler Trucks in the US state of Nevada received the world’s first road approval for an autonomous truck in May 2015. Just five months later, Daimler Trucks started the test phase on public roads in Germany with the first autonomously operating standard truck. The truck is a standard Mercedes-Benz Actros, equipped with the intelligent system Highway Pilot for testing autonomous driving on public roads. The Highway Pilot enables semi-autonomous driving. This means that the system can control the truck on motorways itself – but the driver remains fully responsible, must be able to monitor traffic at all times and be able to intervene at any time. The highway pilot is therefore comparable to an autopilot, as is common in aircraft. The technology has been adapted for use on public roads. The smooth interaction of the components will continue to be extensively tested. For this purpose, the Highway Pilot has already completed about 20,000 kilometers on test tracks in Germany and the USA. A series maturity of the technology is conceivable by the end of the decade at the latest.

Mercedes Benz 6 Wheel Truck

Mercedes Benz 6 Wheel Truck

The new Mercedes Urban eTruck is based on a heavy three-axle distribution truck of the brand, but instead of an internal combustion engine it has an electrically driven rear axle with electric motors directly next to the wheel hubs. The new axle was derived from the E-axle of the Mercedes-BenzHere you can find matching products on! Citaro hybrid bus. The maximum output of this concept amounts to 125 kW, the maximum torque per electric motor is 500 Nm. In conjunction with the ratio, the torque on the wheel reaches 11,000 Nm. And although it is a heavy truck, the maximum range is up to 200 kilometers – modular packages with lithium-ion batteries with 212 kWh total capacity thank. With a charging power of 100 kW, the completely empty batteries are 100 percent full in two to three hours

The electric drive increases the weight of the truck by 1.7 tonnes. Since the European Commission supports an increase in the permissible gross weight for alternative-drive trucks by up to one ton, the actual weight disadvantage is only 700 kg. The Urban eTruck is designed as a fully electric truck with a gross vehicle weight of up to 26 tonnes for urban distribution traffic.

Small-batch test operation already in 2017

A few years ago, the combination of e-drive and truck was unthinkable. But since battery costs are expected to fall 60 percent between 1997 and 2025, with output rising by 250 percent over the same period, there will be an economic perspective over the next few years. In addition, in many cities – in international terms – future emission-free driving could insure compulsory value for money! become. Also for trucks. The market introduction of this technology is conceivable for Daimler at the beginning of the next decade. Noxch 2017, however, Daimler intends to begin testing with electric trucks. There are currently around 20 potential customers from the waste management, food and logistics industry from Germany and Europe. For the 18- and 25-ton trucks are to be built with refrigeration, as a dry box and as a flatbed vehicle. The vehicles will be left to the customer for use for a period of twelve months together with a special charger that takes into account the increased requirements of a truck and will be cared for by the Mercedes-Benz Trucks road test. During this time, data on usage profiles and areas of application are collected and the knowledge and expectations gained are compared. Daimler wants to be on the market with the series generation of the electric truck by 2020.

New Fuso eCanter

In addition, Mercedes complements its range of models to the Fuso CanterHere’s matching products on! E-Cell, which has been tested since 2014 in the fleet test for light trucks. Since April 2016, the city of Stuttgart and the parcel service provider Hermes have been testing five Fuso Canter E-Cells in Germany. In 2017 Daimler wants to draw a first test balance.

The range of the light truck of the 6-ton class amounts to approximately 100 kilometers, its battery packs come to a total capacity of 48 kWh. They are mounted to the left and right of the frame. The vehicle can be brought to 80 percent of the total power in just one hour by means of a quick charge. The electric motor has 110 kW and the maximum torque is 650 Nm. At the IAA, the electric Canter will then debut as Fuso eCanter – probably ready for series production.

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