How To Design a Rock Garden


Create rock garden – step by step to success

When you plant and plant a rock garden, you get the flora of the Alps in your own garden. Domestic rock blends into the garden design particularly harmoniously. Creating a rock garden is particularly easy if you have just completed the house construction or renovation and renovation. Then rubble and rubble are automatically available to you to create the base for the rock garden. Of course, you can also at any time purchase coarse mineral concrete and the like in the building materials trade.

Step 1: Create rock garden – the planning

Make a drawing of your garden and insert where you would like to plant the rock garden. So you get a first impression and can plan the size of the alpine landscape exactly. If you want to know more about garden design, you can find more information in the guidebook garden plan. If you want to use an existing hill or the embankment of the terrace to realize the rock garden, the plan drawing for landscaping is superfluous. You can also create a rock garden as a raised bed.

Step 2: Create rock garden – prepare the ground

The typical plants in the rock garden are perfectly adapted to the living conditions in the alpine area. They get along with little nutrients and the water requirement is low. However, these plants tolerate no waterlogging. With a 20 to 25 cm thick layer of coarse debris, rubble or small stones you create the foundation and ensure a good drainage of rainwater. Distribute the rubble and stones evenly on the ground in your garden. For areas without slope, make sure that you have a 10 degree slope to prevent waterlogging in your yard.

Step 3: Create a rock garden – fleece cover

So that the garden soil to be applied later does not seep into the cracks of the drainage layer, in the next work step you will bring a fleece in the garden. The fine fabric allows the rainwater to drain quickly and holds back sand and earth. If you had to remove grass or lawn in your garden to create the rock garden, you can use the turf instead of fleece. With the turf down on the gravel layer, they act as a natural barrier of the rock garden.

Step 4: Create rock garden – create the terraces

Once you’ve laid the foundation for your rock garden, layer more boulders, rocks, and gravel to create the terraced structure of the rock garden. Larger stones at the edges of each layer provide support and provide the typical look of a rocky landscape. To do this, lift a pit in the gravel bed and insert the big stones. Fill gravel and sand into the spaces between the stones to stabilize the structure. With a stick you can condense the sand-gravel mixture between the stones properly.

Step 5: Create a rock garden – fill the earth

After their rock garden has reached its shape and height, the individual terraces must be filled with soil. Mix conventional garden soil with gravel and sand. So you get a low-energy mixture, which dries quickly after a rain. For the frugal plants in the rock garden, a 10 cm thick layer of soil is sufficient.

Step 6: Creating rock garden – Place weed fleece

So that root weed and flying seeds do not compete with the plants in the rock garden, you now lay out the individual terraces with a weed fleece. Cut the fleece to match the different areas in the garden and lay out all the beds of the rock garden.

Step 7: Creating rockery – planting plants

For the rock garden are particularly well suited plants that remain small. Annual perennials, cushions forming shrubs and small shrubs, which do not exceed a stature height of 30 cm, are ideal. Due to the climate in the alpine area typical rock garden plants bloom early in the year. Already in early summer, the splendor of colors in the rock garden is greatly reduced. When choosing planting, play with the colors and shapes of the leaves and the stature height to create an attractive image year-round. Various grasses and ferns (in shady areas) provide further variety. The typical plants in the rock garden include:

  • Alpine Aster
  • Blaukissen
  • Gänsekresse
  • thrift
  • amaranth
  • Stonecrop
  • Polsterphlox
  • saxifrage
  • Grape
  • Lemon thyme

Plant the individual plants in the pots on the weed fleece in the garden. Try different arrangements of planting until you are satisfied with the picture. When selecting the locations, also note how high and how wide the individual plants will grow in the future. Once all plants have found their future location, you can start planting in the soil. Cut the weed fleece crossways with a utility knife and lift a suitable pit in the garden by hand or with a flower trowel. Remove the pot of the plant and lightly loosen the root ball with your fingers. You can easily remove excess soil. Now insert the rock garden plants, fill edges with soil and lightly press the plants in the soil. The root ball should protrude to about a third of the soil.

Step 8: Creating a rock garden – casting

After planting all the plants, pour the entire rock garden vigorously with water. The otherwise frugal plants need a lot of moisture to form their first roots and grow into the ground.

Step 9: Create rock garden – cover

In the last step, cover the fleece with pebbles, coarse gravel or split. Carefully bring the stone layer up to the root crest of the individual rock garden plants – and you have already created a rock garden. Incidentally, it is just as easy to create and plant a path in the garden.

For more information and tips about Building a rock garden visit Garden Ideas

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